Science has achieved a lot in the past few years, but we ignored to look upon an issue that should have been resolved a long time back. Gender equality is a very critical issue and plays an important role in the development of our world. In the past 15 years, the whole world had put a lot of effort to bring more women and girls in science but the outcome is not at all satisfactory. According to a field survey conducted in 14 different countries the probability of a girl to complete her graduation with a Bachelor’s degree, Master’s degree and Doctor’s degree in science are as low as 18%, 8%, and 2% respectively (For boys 37%, 18%, and 6%). For this very reason, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution to make efforts in inspiring more girls to pursue science and its related fields and has declared 11 February as the International Day of Women and Girls in Science.
Here are few scientists at present who are regarded as stars in the universe of women in science.
May-Britt Moser is a renowned Norwegian professor of neuroscience and the founding director of the Center for Neural Computation. Her work describes the way spatial location and spatial memory are computed in the brain. Moser was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2014.
Sara Seager is a planetary scientist and astrophysicist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She is known for her work in the world of exoplanets and her groundbreaking research to the detect the atmosphere of exoplanets. She is also popular for her innovative theories about life on other worlds.
Professor Natarajan, a theoretical astrophysicist at Yale University, was born and raised in India. She received undergraduate degrees in Physics and Mathematics from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She is acknowledged for her contributions in mapping dark matter and dark energy research.
Nathalie Cabrol, the director of the Carl Sagan Centre (SETI Institute) received her Ph.D. in Planetary Geology at Sorbonne. Shel is known for her work in life’s adaptation to extreme environments, the effect of rapid climate change on lake ecosystems and habitats, its geobiological signatures, and relevance to planetary exploration. At present, she is on a mission to develop a new, multidisciplinary, roadmap to bridge astrobiology and the SETI search. In 2012 she was awarded the International Women Leadership Association Award for her noted contribution in the field.
Katharine Hayhoe, an associate professor of political science at Texas Tech University is an extremely popular personality in the field of atmospheric science. She is noted for her global climate model and comparison of different downscaling approaches to quantify the impacts of climate change on cities, states, ecosystems, and sectors over the coming century. She counts more than 120 peer-reviewed publications in the field. Katharine has been named one of TIME’s 100 Most Influential People in 2014.
“We need to encourage and support girls and women achieve their full potential as scientific researchers and innovators.” — UN Secretary-General, António Guterres