Indus Civilization

Migration of an Ancient River and Rise of Indus Civilization

Around 5000 years from now, in the plain of Indo-Gangetic basin, the great cities of Indus civilization flourished. The common wisdom is that major Himalayan-based rivers nourished this civilization and sustained the life in it. However, at the divide of Ganga-Yamuna and Indus, in the Ghaggar-Hakra region, multiple urban settlements were found without a major Himalayan-fed river flowing through it. This had been the subject … Continue reading Migration of an Ancient River and Rise of Indus Civilization

Advertisements
Picobalance

Picobalance – Weighing Single Cells in Your Body

When was the last time you measured your weight? Were you happy or depressed seeing the result on the scale? It does not matter how your body weight is changing, the cells you are made of are always fluctuating in fast millisecond time-scale (1/1000th of a second) and in tiny ‘picogram’ (10-12 gm) amount. This fluctuation of mass in single cells is the signature of … Continue reading Picobalance – Weighing Single Cells in Your Body

light pollution

Light Pollution is Threat to Pollination

Light pollution has very negative impact on our life and ecosystem. For example, abundant light in urban and suburban areas leads to consumption of unnecessary energy, disruption the circadian cycle of the plants. It causes anxiety, fatigue, depression for human beings. Light pollution is a serious threat to the astronomers who want to study the night sky unadulterated by any artificial light. Because of the … Continue reading Light Pollution is Threat to Pollination

Cancer

Cancer – A Historical Biopsy

Ancient literatures are full with the description of dreadful diseases and epidemics. Indus valley civilization was marked with seasonal appearance of tuberculosis, Hindu Vedas had terms to explain dropsy, Mesopotamians were familiar with migraines, Egyptians knew about seizure [1]. But interestingly the occurrence of cancer in ancient times is very rare. That tempts us to think that cancer is very modern disease and it has been … Continue reading Cancer – A Historical Biopsy

Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s Disease in Chimpanzees: Humans are Not the Only Victim

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is characterized by neuron loss, cognitive disability, dementia and is very common for people older than 65 years of age. In the advanced stage, the patients suffer from language problem, disorientation, mood swing, an inability for self-care etc. Scientists are yet to find a complete cure for this disease and treatments currently available are the only palliative in nature. So far, the … Continue reading Alzheimer’s Disease in Chimpanzees: Humans are Not the Only Victim

Jellyfish

How the Fluorescent Proteins from Jellyfish Illuminated the Entire Biology

In a summer of 1974, if you were at the Friday Harbor in Washington, besides the magnificent Pacific Ocean, you might have seen a scientist in his 40s had gathered with his friends and family. All they were doing was catching jellyfish from the sea. They would fill their buckets with jellyfish, cut their umbrella-like ends and send those all the way to Princeton University, … Continue reading How the Fluorescent Proteins from Jellyfish Illuminated the Entire Biology